? IPv6 Information
This page contains information on how your organization can prepare to adopt IPv6. Not sure what IPv6 is? Look a little farther down the page for more background.
Preparing for IPv6
Before you implement IPv6, it’s a good idea to make sure your equipment, software, and staff are ready. Think about how many network addresses you’ll need, and how you’ll set up your network. Get advice from those who have already adopted IPv6, and ask questions! You can visit the IPv6 wiki to help you research your options.
What is IPv6?
Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) is the latest IP revision, developed as a successor to IPv4. IPv6 provides a much larger address pool so that many more devices can be connected to the Internet. It also improves addressing and routing of network traffic. Because the free pool of IPv4 addresses has been depleted, customers will want to request IPv6 address space for new networks, and eventually transition their networks from IPv4 to IPv6.
How is IPv6 Different from IPv4?
IPv6 differs from IPv4 in many ways, including address size, format, notation, and possible combinations. We’ve created a quick video to highlight some of the differences.
An IPv6 address consists of 128 bits (as opposed to the 32-bit size of IPv4 addresses) and is expressed in hexadecimal notation. The IPv6 anatomy graphic below represents just one possible configuration of an IPv6 address, although there are many different possibilities.
Determining the Netmask and Gateway of an IPv6 Address
As with IPv4, in IPv6 there is no way to definitively calculate the netmask and gateway using only a given address. Both are established when a person sets up a network, and you would need to contact your network administrator to determine what they are. However, when given an address and a prefix, one can compute the starting and ending addresses of a subnet, just like in IPv4.
To conform to typical conventions about IPv6 addressing of network interfaces, most networks use a /64 prefix. This prefix length accommodates stateless address autoconfiguration (SLAAC). Note that the length of a given IPv6 network prefix cannot be shorter than the registered IPv6 allocation or assignment.
There is no strong convention as to where